bugGNU Scientific Library - Bugs: bug #30324, improve range of 2F1


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bug #30324: improve range of 2F1

Submitter:  -Deleted Account- <bjg>
Submitted:  Fri 02 Jul 2010 01:06:07 PM UTC
Category:  Accuracy problem Severity:  3 - Normal
Operating System:  Status:  Confirmed
Assigned to:  None Open/Closed:  Open
Release:  1.14

Fri 02 Jul 2010 01:06:07 PM UTC, original submission:  

From: Heiko Bauke <heiko.bauke@snafu.de>
To: -email is unavailable-
Subject: [Help-gsl] Gauss hypergeometric
Date: Thu, 24 Jun 2010 21:11:53 +0200

Dear GSL developers,

I would like to point out that the GSL functions gsl_sf_hyperg_2F1_e and
gsl_sf_hyperg_2F1 which compute the Gauss hypergeometric function for
-1<=x<1 may be extended with little effort to arguments in the interval
-oo<x<1 by using relations (32) and/or (33) in [1] by something like

double hyperg_2F1(double a, double b, double c, double x) {
  if (-1.<=x and x<1.)
    return gsl_sf_hyperg_2F1(a, b, c, x);
  if (x<-1.) {
    // gsl_sf_hyperg_2F1 may have problems with negative arguments
    if (c-a<0)
      return pow(1.-x, -a)*
        gsl_sf_hyperg_2F1(a, c-b, c, x/(x-1.));
    if (c-b<0)
      return pow(1.-x, -b)*
        gsl_sf_hyperg_2F1(c-a, c, c, x/(x-1.));
    // choose one of two equivalent formulas which is expected to be
    // more accurate
    if (a*(c-b)<(c-a)*b)
      return pow(1.-x, -a)*
        gsl_sf_hyperg_2F1(a, c-b, c, x/(x-1.));
      return pow(1.-x, -b)*
        gsl_sf_hyperg_2F1(c-a, b, c, x/(x-1.));
  // insert some error handling for x>=1
  return 0;

I cannot say much about the accuracy and the stability of this approach.
I think, however, it is reasonable to extend gsl_sf_hyperg_2F1_e and
gsl_sf_hyperg_2F1 in this way. It would make these functions more
general and useful.


[1] http://mathworld.wolfram.com/HypergeometricFunction.html

-Deleted Account- <bjg>


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