See also ListServer and MailingListsInternals.

The principal GNU (and FSF?) email server is, managed by FSF sysadmin. Savannah people and programs do not have root access.

For outgoing mail from Savannah, the internal host is used; see below.


On, the usual per-list static Mailman aliases do not exist; instead, it looks at /var/lib/mailman/lists/listname/domains/ and checks for files that represent the domain of the list, such as,, and the like.

Then, I don't really know:

  • there is some Exim code to take those files into account
  • currently (?), there is a replication script that copies all the list+domains information to - to it's probably checked there. jag said "it runs on the 42 of every hour". We can also run it through ~/mailman-export.


Archives are updated every 30 minutes (?) as of May 2011. They are located at 2 places:

  • private archives are managed by Mailman: /var/lib/mailman/archives/private/list_name.mbox/list_name.mbox (use mailman's arch command to manage them; look at the --wipe command)
  • public archives are managed by mharc: ~mharc/mbox and ~mharc/html (check ImportMailingListArchive).

Mailing-List interface to Savannah's frontend

See MailingListsInternals.

Valid sender makes (used to make?) a series of checks that will reject mail from, say, because this is apparently not a valid email. Email validation eventually falls-back against fencepost (Unix users and the shares /com/mailer/aliases).

To bypass those checks, we added aliases at fencepost for Savannah users that need to send mail (gatekpr, libcrsync, Savane's INVALID.NOREPLY, etc.). See also ListServer.


If is listed as a moderator for a Mailman list, it wil use a conservatively-configured spamassassin to automatically (though asynchronously) remove spam. Details at ListHelperAntiSpam.

How mails are sent from within Savannah

The internal vserver handles email stuff for Savannah. All other systems delegate sending mail to internal.

A Savane cron job creates alias tables: /etc/aliases and /etc/email-addresses. This is used to map Unix user accounts to an outgoing email, based on the email' field in the user's Savane account. Alias tables are only updated oninternal'.

  • (clearly stale info as we don't own the dom0 any more, but leaving for what it may be worth) frontend, sftp, vcs-noshell _and_ the host/dom0: an exim4 system is configured (see infra/exim_forwarder.txt):
  • smarthost =
  • QUEUERUNNER='queueonly'


Mail mostly happens from frontend. The PHP there would send the email. If you have a received message in hand, you can see the trail of servers in the Received: headers. It starts from PHP. It goes from there to /usr/sbin/sendmail (postfix on those systems) and then out to, then to and out to the mailing list for delivery.

If there is an error in sending the PHP and Apache combination should log an error to the frontend:/var/log/apache2/error.log file.

All of the mail status should be logged to frontend:/var/log/mail.*. When a message is sent you should see the transaction logged there.

Logs are rotated. If you are looking back into the past you will need to look through the various dated log files to find the transaction, e.g.:

frontend:/var/log# ls -lhog mail.*
-rw-r----- 1    0 May  8 06:25 mail.err
-rw-r----- 1 1.3K May  7 06:25 mail.err-20160507.gz
-rw-r----- 1 1.7K May  7 06:31 mail.err-20160508
-rw-r----- 1 600K Jul  6 23:26
-rw-r----- 1 122K Jun 12 06:25
-rw-r----- 1 114K Jun 19 06:25
-rw-r----- 1 117K Jun 26 06:25
-rw-r----- 1 1.2M Jul  3 06:25
-rw-r----- 1 600K Jul  6 23:26 mail.log
-rw-r----- 1 122K Jun 12 06:25 mail.log-20160612.gz
-rw-r----- 1 114K Jun 19 06:25 mail.log-20160619.gz
-rw-r----- 1 117K Jun 26 06:25 mail.log-20160626.gz
-rw-r----- 1 1.2M Jul  3 06:25 mail.log-20160703
-rw-r----- 1    0 Jun 21 06:25 mail.warn
-rw-r----- 1  211 May 22 05:46 mail.warn-20160522.gz
-rw-r----- 1  208 May 28 10:13 mail.warn-20160529.gz
-rw-r----- 1  119 Jun 12 00:48 mail.warn-20160612.gz
-rw-r----- 1  114 Jun 20 12:23 mail.warn-20160621

You can see messages pending for delivery in the mail queue with the mailq command on frontend.

NOTE: On May 7th 2016 the mail system was changed from exim4 to postfix (see,